Surface Analysis Methods
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller Analyzer (BET)
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analyzer is the most common method for determining the surface area and pore size distribution of powders and porous materials.
Fluorescence microscope uses fluorescence and phosphorescence instead of reflection and absorption to study properties of organic or inorganic substances.
Fourier Transform Infrarred Spectroscopy (FTIR)
Fourier Transform-Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) is an analytical technique used to identify organic (and in some cases inorganic) materials.
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM + EDX)
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is a non-destructive technique that uses an electron beam probe to analyse surface details down to nano-scale, and to produce high magnification images with high resolution.
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)
Transmission electron microscope (TEM) utilizes energetic electrons to provide morphologic and size information on samples.
X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
XPS can measure the elemental composition, empirical formula, chemical state and electronic state of the elements at the surface of a material.